The book of Ecclesiastes is probably best known for its repeated refrain that 'everything is meaningless', or 'vanity'. However, a thorough reading demonstrates that this is not its final conclusion. Knut Heim’s commentary shows that the book is intellectually sophisticated, theologically rich, emotionally deep – and full of humour. While it is realistic about life, it is life-affirming, and immensely practical. It is also politically engaged, presenting its critique of a repressive foreign regime in an entertaining and thought-provoking way.